Warts (summary article)

Wart on the skin of the body

Warts are growths on the skin or mucous membranes that result from uncontrolled growth of the surface layers of the epidermis and papillary dermis. These are benign neoplasms of a viral nature. They are formed as a result of infection with various strains of HPV (human papillomavirus). Warts are prone to growth and relapse and are highly contagious (infectious). According to the WHO, 80% of the world population is infected with the human papillomavirus.

Reasons for appearing

Many of us are carriers of the papillomavirus even though we don't even know it. There are more than 100 strains of HPV in nature and different types of warts are formed when infected. Infection occurs in two ways - contact or household. You can become infected by violating personal hygiene standards from the things of an infected person, ordinary objects. Those who like to visit bathhouses, saunas and swimming pools are most at risk. The virus actively reproduces in a warm and humid environment and can persist for a long time on various surfaces.

Wart on finger photo 1

Once on the skin, the virus easily penetrates the body through the slightest damage (small scratches, abrasions, abrasions) and, under favorable conditions, begins to actively multiply in the surface layers of the epidermis. The pathogen can only actively attack if the immune system is weakened. If a person is healthy, the immune system quickly suppresses the replication of the virus and puts it in a latent state. As a result, the infection can "doze" in the body for a long time and only wake up under favorable conditions. The provoking factors that lead to a decrease in immune defense include:

  • chronic illness or recent infections;
  • bad habits, unhealthy diet and lifestyle;
  • severe stressful situations;
  • endocrine pathologies (diabetes mellitus, hormonal disorders);
  • Immunodeficiency states;
  • Violation of personal hygiene standards.

Plantar warts can be infected through wearing someone else's shoes, genital warts can be acquired through sexual contact with a casual partner. Self-infections often occur when simple warts form on the face or body during shaving, accidental cuts or skin damage during epilation. Small wounds are the gateway for infection, through which the virus easily enters the body and begins its destructive work.

Types of warts: photo

What do warts look like? The appearance of neoplasms largely depends on the modification of the virus and its diversity. A visual representation of the types of warts and papillomas is given in the photos described below in the article.

vulgar (simple)

This is the most common type of warts. They appear on different parts of the body, look like rounded nodules, and resemble peas. They can be of different sizes and shades (from pink to brown), stand alone or in groups. Such neoplasms on the face or on open areas of the body (for example, on the fingers) are perceived as a cosmetic defect, so many people try to get rid of the growths in some way.

Wart on finger photo 2

Simple warts are painless and do not cause much discomfort (except aesthetically). However, if such a neoplasm is permanently traumatized, there is a risk of malignant degeneration. Therefore, doctors recommend removing any suspicious growths on the body.

Youth (apartment)

This type of neoplasm got its name due to the fact that growths with a smooth, flat surface are more often formed in adolescents and young people. This is due to the restructuring of the body during puberty. Hormonal disorders contribute to a decrease in immunity and activation of the virus.

flat warts on the forehead

Flesh-colored neoplasms, which almost fuse with the skin, occur in groups and are more often formed on open areas of the body.

Acrochords (filamentous)

This type of neoplasm is a soft, elongated growth on the stem that resembles papillomas. Most commonly, these growths form in the armpits, neck, along the hairline, on the eyelids, or on the face. The soft tissue of thread warts is easily injured. It is very easy to damage them while shaving or during hygiene practices.

Thread warts

Acrochords are prone to relapse - several new formations often appear in the place of the removed growth.

Plantar (palmar)

Such neoplasms are characterized by a dense structure and a deep root that extends deep into the dermis. They form on the soles of the feet or on the palms of the hands in areas that are regularly exposed to mechanical pressure. This is the most uncomfortable and painful type of warts. Particular complaints are caused by plantar growths or thorns, which cause severe pain when walking, limit mobility and are difficult to treat.

Plantar wart

A photo of a wart will allow you to see the appearance of such a neoplasm. The plantar wart differs from other growths in a conical shape with a depression in the center. If you steam it in hot water and peel off the top horny layer, black dots will be visible on the surface. These are thrombosed capillaries that penetrate the structure of the growth.

Genital (genital warts)

Genital warts form in the genital area. The main reason for their occurrence is unprotected sexual contacts, frequent partner changes. In this case, the papillomavirus enters the body through micro-damage to the mucous membrane during sexual intercourse. Genital warts look like soft papillary formations on a stem.

Genital warts on the body

They come in groups and can spread quickly to affect the perineum and anorectal region. Such growths are easily injured, bleed, cause painful sensations during intercourse, defecation or urination, or cause mental problems.

Age warts

The appearance of age warts is not related to the activity of the virus. Such growths (keratomas) arise from uncontrolled division of epidermal cells. The overgrowth of the surface layers of the epithelium provokes hormonal disorders associated with aging of the body and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet light. Pigmented keratinized plaques of various sizes and shapes occur in the plural on the body, arms, neck and back of the hands.

A photo of age warts (age-related keratomas) clearly shows their features and differences from other growths of a viral nature. Such formations can grow over time and, if damaged, bleed and inflamed, increasing the risk of malignant degeneration.

Age wart on the skin

If you have any suspicious lesions on the skin or mucous membranes, you should consult a dermatologist. After the examination, the specialist will make the correct diagnosis, determine the type of neoplasm and propose a treatment regimen.

Most often, dermatologists recommend removing unsightly growths with medication or with the help of hardware procedures.

Features of therapy

Treatment for warts should be comprehensive. To get a positive result and prevent the recurrence of viral infection, it is necessary not only to remove the growth, but also to block the pathogen from multiplying. A dermatologist will help you choose an effective treatment regimen, taking into account the strain of HPV, the type of neoplasm and the individual characteristics of the patient (age, presence of chronic diseases and contraindications).

Medication

To remove warts at home, the following groups of drugs are recommended:

  • Antiviral;
  • immunomodulatory;
  • keratolytic;
  • necrotizing;
  • Cryopreparations.

The use of a remedy must be agreed with the doctor. Inappropriate and arbitrary treatment will not prevent the virus from multiplying, nor will warts reappear.

Keratolytic agents based on salicylic or trichloroacetic acid soften the rough stratum corneum on the wart surface well. After cleaning dead scales, the base of the deposits opens, and the active ingredients of drugs with corrosive and necrotizing effects more easily penetrate into pathological tissue.

Medicines with a mummifying effect are solutions with aggressive acids and alkalis. To treat genital warts on the mucous membrane, drugs with a milder effect are used - solution, gel. Such drugs should be used with caution to avoid contact of aggressive components on healthy skin.

Freezing drugs work in the same way as the cryodestructive method, that is, they freeze the wart tissue, causing it to die and disappear after a few days. Such products are available in the form of aerosol cans with a convenient applicator for applying the coolant.

Drugs that block the spread of the virus and strengthen local immunity will help to consolidate the result obtained. These include preparations for oral administration or agents for external treatment in the form of ointments, gels, creams.

Operative removal

From the hardware techniques, proven methods of fighting warts are used - cryotherapy (freezing with liquid nitrogen) or electrocoagulation (moxibustion with electric current).

Of the modern, safe options, many prefer the laser method or the radio wave method. The heat radiation from a laser or radio waves evaporates the wart tissue to a precisely defined depth without touching healthy tissue. This avoids complications and reduces the rehabilitation time to a minimum.

Home remedies

Of folk remedies, the most common use of celandine juice or preparations based on it is to remove warts. In addition, it is recommended to treat the growths with a solution of vinegar, garlic tincture and green apple juice. The acidic and alkaline environment kills the virus and helps get rid of neoplasms. Be sure to check with your doctor before using an alternative prescription.