Papillomas on the body are a symptom of HPV (human papillomavirus). The disease is contagious. When a pathogen enters the body, not only the skin is affected, but also the mucous membranes. Papillomas are popularly called warts. Neoplasms differ in shape and size. Most of them appear as nodules. The minimum size of such a neoplasm is 1 mm, the maximum size can be more than 2 cm.
Papillomas and their types
Leg papillomas are dangerous. When injured, bleeding occurs, which can cause inflammation. In the first stages of development, the wart is beige and turns brown over time. There are 80 types of papillomas in nature. When the immune system is strong, the body can resist infection with the human papillomavirus. Otherwise, surgery is required.
- Simple.They resemble cones in appearance, but are dense in structure. The average diameter of a simple wart is 1 mm. The neoplasms are characterized by a keratinized surface. Most often they crawl out on the neck, stomach, back, arms, legs and armpits.
- Plantar.These warts grow with a margin. They are located on the inner surface of the feet. Such formations immediately appear in several pieces.
- flat.Neoplasms differ in shape. There are polygonal and flat papillomas. The latter are beige in color and appear all over the body.
- Filiform (warts).These are tiny warts. They are more common in people over 40. New growths appear in the groin, armpits. In older people, they can form in front of our eyes.
Statistics show that 9 out of 10 people are carriers of HPV. If a papilloma is found, you will need to undergo an exam to determine the type of virus. Warts require adequate treatment. You can not remove them yourself, otherwise there is a risk of an infection process.
In folk medicine, there are many remedies for getting rid of neoplasms. They are used without allergies and only with the approval of a doctor. Basically, papillomas are removed for aesthetic reasons. However, some of its types can become malignant (become malignant). In this case, emergency removal is required.
How does the infection take place?
HPV is transmitted sexually. The mucous membranes of the genital organs are a channel for infection. For example, some people become infected through contact and household contact when they share a towel. A wart occurs when the human papillomavirus enters the body. In this case, the base layer of the epithelium is affected. The cell that the virus entered can be benign or malignant.
Papillomas must be treated regardless of their type and shape. The infection can live in the body for several years and manifest itself when the immune system is weakened. Often warts form during pregnancy when the body is weakened. Prolonged smoking, alcohol consumption, and frequent stress impair immunity. If a person changes sexual partners or leads an unhealthy lifestyle, the risk of contracting the virus is higher.
Human papillomavirus infection does not always cause cancer: Types 6, 11, 42 and 44 have a low oncogenic type. Malignant warts appear as a flat screen. The degeneration of benign cells takes 15 years. When the patient smokes, drinks alcohol and suffers from stress, the pathological process accelerates. Papillomas should be monitored to avoid cancer. It is forbidden to damage them. When the neoplasm reaches an impressive size, it is necessary to resort to its removal.
There is no cure for HPV. The virus is present in the body for life. To achieve regression, the doctor prescribes drugs that increase immunity. HPV treatment should be comprehensive. If you need to remove the deposits, you need to contact a specialist. It is strictly forbidden to pull out the wart with a thread or use other questionable methods.
Warts are often removed with a laser. The device does not cause injuries and prevents bleeding. No scars remain on the skin after laser therapy. The patient recovers within a month. The session consists of several phases. Anesthesia is done first. The doctor then takes a piece of tissue for histological examination. The duration of this treatment is 2 minutes. With the help of an innovative device, it is possible to remove fluid from pathological tissues, as a result of which the wart is burned.
If there are multiple papillomas, laser therapy lasts 20 minutes. After the manipulation is completed, the doctor treats the skin with an antiseptic. If the neoplasm did not exceed 2 cm, the patient recovers for 10 days. Rehabilitation time depends on immunity. To avoid complications, it is necessary to follow the doctor's instructions.
The place where the papilloma was located is treated with brilliant green or potassium permanganate. After laser treatment, it is forbidden to use coarse towels and rub the skin with washcloths. It is impossible to remove the formed crusts, otherwise bleeding will occur. You must refuse to visit the bathhouse and pool for 15 days. Swimming in the sea is not recommended. Protect your skin from direct sunlight.
With this method, the affected tissue is frozen and further removed. During the procedure, the doctor uses a device that blows cold air. Papillomas are removed manually or by hardware. The device pushes the neoplasm by supplying cold air. The duration of the procedure depends on the condition of the skin. If there is a wart, cryodestruction takes 2 minutes.
To manually remove a papilloma, the doctor takes a swab soaked in liquid nitrogen and applies it to the formation. During the procedure, the characteristics of the skin change - it becomes white, denser and less sensitive. Cryodestruction causes a mild burning sensation. After the wound heals, bubbles of liquid form form in its place. After a day, a scab appears, and after 6 weeks the skin is completely restored.
The procedure can be used to remove intimate warts in both men and women. Like others, it relieves neoplasia but is not a drug that helps get rid of HPV.
The doctor uses high frequency electricity to remove warts. In the absence of contraindications, the procedure gives good results and a minimum of side effects.
This method has many advantages over the standard operation. A person quickly gets rid of the papilloma, the risk of its recurrence is reduced.
If the wart is painful and bleeding, surgery will be needed. The patient should see a doctor immediately. To achieve healing of the skin and regression of the disease, the doctor prescribes medication. The damaged area is treated with an antiseptic.
Treatment at home
If a papilloma is found, then you need to use alcohol with 5 drops of sour apple juice, celandine and dandelion. Potato juice is used to treat warts. It is applied to the affected surface and kept overnight. Papillomas can be treated with Kalanchoe juice. Treatment with folk methods at home also includes strengthening the immune system.
When viruses enter the body, interferon is produced. This component fights the HPV virus. When the immune system is weakened, viruses actively multiply, but the body does not resist them. To achieve regression of the disease, you need to use complex methods of treatment. The tablets have an antiviral effect and strengthen the immune system. If the patient is on medication, they should not use the procedures listed above. People who refuse to take the pill are more likely to relapse.
Treatment of papillomas with laundry soap
Laundry soap has a mild effect on pathological tissues, eliminates itching and burning. If you use a remedy for papillomas, it will prevent inflammatory processes and also dry out pathological tissues. Laundry soap has antimicrobial properties. But if there are signs of inflammation, you should see a doctor.
If the growth is dry and natural, a soapy solution can be used. It is not used if the wart changes shape or darkens. With the soap you can reduce papillomas without harming the skin. To remove the neoplasm, you need to moisten a piece in water and treat the affected area. It is recommended to use small scraps without sharp edges. It is important not to injure the skin or there is a risk of infection. A soap-based mixture is made to treat warts. Grind the onion first, then the soap. The ingredients are mixed in equal proportions. The mixture is placed in a refrigerator and used every other day. The duration of treatment is 10 days.
Castor oil applications
Castor oil contains ricinic acid, which suppresses the virus. If you use the product correctly, the neoplasm will begin to dry out and will go away over time. A pink spot remains on the site of the papilloma, which disappears after 2 months. A cotton pad is moistened with castor oil, the skin is wiped twice. In order for the neoplasm to go away, it is necessary to use the product every day for a month. There is another method: put a few drops of oil on the wart, put a band-aid on it, but so as not to squeeze the papilloma. The procedure is performed twice a day for a month. This product rarely causes allergies. If you are hypersensitive to castor oil, you should stop using it.
If a woman develops a malignant neoplasm, the more likely she is to have cervical and vulvar cancer. An oncologist is involved in the treatment of HPV. First, the doctor examines the wart, and then prescribes tests. As a result of the research, the type of virus is identified. The specialist assesses the risk of a malicious process. If necessary, additional examinations are prescribed. Based on the results, the doctor will choose a method of treating the papillomavirus.
Papillomas in intimate places cause more discomfort and are more difficult to get rid of. These growths are a sign of HPV or an indication of a sexually transmitted disease.