Removal of warts is a mandatory measure because neoplasms cause a person discomfort and can look ugly on the skin. Although these formations do not itch and most often do not hurt, they are of viral origin, which allows them to spread easily in the human body. Because of this, many doctors recommend removing warts. For this, a specialist will select the most suitable method.
Causes of warts
Warts are growths on the epidermis, the parameters of which are between 1 millimeter and 1 centimeter. The cause of the appearance of a wart on the epithelium is the papillomavirus, which becomes infected upon contact with the carrier of the virus.
Sometimes a person can independently contribute to the spread of infection to their skin, for example by using the same razor or towel. Such an infection is called autoinoculation in medicine.
Warts or warts with sharp ends are usually located in the genital area, so that they can only be "picked up" during sexual intercourse.
You can get the virus if a person has abrasions or wounds on their skin. After the papillomavirus gets into the skin, it migrates to the nucleus where the reproductive process begins. When a person has strong immunity, the cells that are prone to infection are destroyed. Otherwise, the next cells will become infected and warts will appear on the epidermis.
Types of warts
There are different types of papules: regular, flat, plantar and pointed. Frequent neoplasms occur regardless of a person's age group. According to statistics, about 70% of children get the virus. The place of localization of the growth is the back of the hand and the skin between the fingers. Sometimes warts appear on the face, near the lips, and on the palms of the hands.
Round formations can grow up to 1 cm above the epithelial level. The color of the papules is similar to the color of healthy skin, which is why they are difficult to see in the early stages of the disease. If the formation has been on the skin for a long time, other small growths will form nearby. To get rid of papules, you should remove the maternal wart. In this case, small neoplasms have nothing to eat and also go away.
Flat papillomas occur in 4% of the people on the planet. They are round and polygonal with a flat, smooth surface. The shadow of the warts is pale pink and they practically do not protrude above the skin level. Localized on the back of the hand, neck, face, chest. Sometimes found near the genitals in both men and women.
Plantar papules are located on the soles of the feet. They have a rough surface and resemble the growths that have grown together. A characteristic of these warts are painful sensations during their palpation. Plantar papules also cause a feeling of discomfort when walking.
Condylomas with sharp ends cause pain and discomfort in humans. They are located on the skin that is connected to the mucous membranes: around the lips, in the anus, near the urethra, near the external intimate organs and on the conjunctiva.
Warts grow in clusters and look like cauliflower or rooster comb. Very often the growths crack and open the way for various infections. To avoid serious illness, you should remove the warts.
When should you remove a wart?
Many of the warts do not affect a person's life, so no one is in a hurry to see a doctor. With a pronounced cosmetic defect, infectious infection of other epithelial areas, large parameters of growth, intense growth of papules, color and color changes, painful sensations when walking and palpation of the papilloma, bleeding from a papule, the alarm should be triggered.
Wart removal techniques:
- removal of radio waves;
- Removal using liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction);
- laser removal;
- surgical intervention;
Alternative methods and combined monotherapy also help get rid of genital warts.
Doctors treat warts with cytostatics and immunostimulating drugs.
Features of electrocoagulation of warts
The procedure in which a specialist uses an electrocoagulator is considered to be one of the safest and most effective. The papule is cauterized with a special electrode that is heated to a very high temperature under the influence of high-frequency electricity. After the operation, a dry scab (crust) forms at the site of the excision, which disappears by itself after 10 to 14 days.
The manipulation is carried out under local anesthesia so that the patient does not feel any pain or discomfort. The maximum that the patient can feel during the operation is a slight tingling sensation in the area to be removed. After electrocoagulation, the patient has no scars or scars at the wound site. Complete healing of the skin takes about 2 weeks.
The essence of radio wave removal
This technique was used relatively recently by doctors and has proven to be effective and safe. To remove the skin formation with radio waves, a specialist uses special devices. Their specialty is that they emit radio waves with a frequency of 3. 8 to 4 MHz.
The technology makes it possible to remove pathological growths without touching the epidermis. During the procedure, not only the top layer of skin is removed, but also the root of the condyloma. The patient has no pain during the manipulation. No scars or scars remain on the epithelium after the operation. The removed material can be sent for additional histological studies to find out if the growth was benign or malignant.
Information on cryodestruction
Removing warts from liquid nitrogen is especially popular because it is effective and safe. With cryodestruction, you can even remove plantar papillomas without the risk of bleeding and infection.
If the formation has small parameters, it can be removed with a manipulation. If it is large and ingrained, the patient will most likely have to go to surgery twice.
After removal with liquid nitrogen, a scab appears on the site of the papule, which disappears after 1. 5 to 2 weeks, and a new pink skin remains in its place. The disadvantages of the technology are the formation of small scars and scars on the epithelium, and due to the inexperience of the doctor, there is a risk that the growth will not be completely removed.
The removal of papillomas with a laser has a number of advantages: painless surgery, no defects on the skin in the form of scars and scars, no special wound care required, the scab is removed 3-4 days after the manipulation ofthe epidermis loosened.
This procedure is characterized by laser blocking of microscopic vessels in the wart area so that the operation is as bloodless as possible. A new formation of the condyloma is not possible because the procedure is performed with sterile equipment. The specialist sends the removed tissue for histological examination.
Surgery and chemotherapy
With a large neoplasm, surgical help is required. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. The technique is considered traumatic and then remains on the skin. If removed surgically, there is a high chance that the papillomavirus will re-enter the blood.
Sometimes the methods for removing pointed and flat papules are not as effective as we'd like them to be. To get rid of the defect, acid solutions or special drugs are used. The duration of chemotherapy is at least six procedures.
The solution is applied selectively to the growths, and after a certain time the drugs are washed off. To avoid allergies or burns, therapy is carried out under the strict supervision of a doctor.
Remove warts using folk methods
In folk medicine, there are many ways to get rid of warts once and for all. Some techniques really help; on the contrary, others can make the problem worse.
The popular recommendation is to rub the neoplasm with fresh garlic every day until it falls off. People also take magnesium (powder). The powder should be taken daily at a dosage of 5 grams.
The celandine method is very effective. Twice a day, the growth must be lubricated with celandine juice. The procedure is carried out until the papules separate from the skin on their own.
Another popular way is freezing condylomas. Every day you need to apply artificial ice cubes to the wart and keep for 5-10 minutes. The build-up disappears after several such sessions.
An aggressive method of removing a wart in folk medicine is to burn papules with acetic acid.
Every day, 1 drop of acid should be dripped onto the skin infected with papillomavirus. Over time, the pathological formation disappears. Do not apply more than 1 drop on the epithelium as this may cause irritation or allergic reactions.
You should be very careful with unconventional methods as they are no guarantee that one person will get rid of the problem.
If home procedures do not help remove the tumor on your own, then you should contact a dermatologist or surgeon.