Warts on the hands give their owner many uncomfortable minutes, cause constant discomfort and can cause psychological problems. Such neoplasms look extremely unaesthetic, forcing them to hide their hands and avoid close communication. Today we are going to talk about the reasons for their appearance, the variety of shapes and how to remove warts on your hands.
Why do warts appear on the hands?
Warts are neoplasms of viral etiology that are usually benign. The reason for the appearance of warts on the hands is infection with various types of HPV (human papillomavirus). The infection occurs through contact, the virus not only affects the skin, but also the mucous membranes. The infection is transmitted from the carrier to a healthy person by shaking hands with common household items and personal care products (towels, washcloths). Sometimes just holding on to a handrail, grabbing a doorknob, or pressing an elevator button is enough for a harmful virus to enter the body through microscopic skin damage (a small scratch, abrasion, or wound).
For information about the causes and treatment of warts on fingers, consult a dermatologist. Experts warn that the virus that causes the characteristic growths is widespread in the environment. It reproduces particularly actively in warm and humid conditions. Water treatment enthusiasts who frequently go to the swimming pool, bathhouse, and sauna are more likely to contract HPV. Employees in poultry farms or in meat and fish production are particularly at risk. Any microtrauma can become a gateway for the virus to enter.
Very often, self-infection becomes the cause of warts on the hands. Ugly growths in the periungual area occur in those who have a habit of biting their fingers or nails. You can face an unpleasant problem even after visiting a nail salon, if there is a violation of hygiene standards in it and the tools are not thoroughly sterilized.
The incubation period is 2 to 6 months, but even in this case characteristic growths cannot form immediately. When a person has strong immunity, the virus goes into a "dormant" mode and may not show itself for a long time. When the immune system is weakened, it "wakes up" and begins to multiply quickly. There are a number of provoking external and internal factors that stimulate the activation of the virus. In this list:
- recent infections;
- exacerbation of chronic pathologies;
- improper and unbalanced diet;
- hormonal disorders;
- Bad habits;
- increased sweating;
- Violation of hygiene standards;
- long-lasting stressful situations.
Each of these factors contribute to a decrease in the body's defenses and trigger the mechanism of replication of virus particles. To determine which warts appear on the hands, the dermatologist should determine after a diagnostic examination.
What is the danger
Warts are considered to be benign lesions. However, they can cause significant discomfort as they tend to grow and spread quickly. For example, growths from the back of the hand to the fingers can spread, increase in size, and form multiple groups.
The danger arises from accidental injury to warts or unsuccessful attempts to cauterize them with aggressive solutions. The damaged tumor can bleed, pain, change color, size and shape. And this is already a serious cause for concern as the risk of malicious transformation increases.
You can find out more about the causes and treatment of finger warts at your dermatologist's appointment. Warts on the fingers - the causes and treatment of this pathology are addressed by a dermatologist. Only a specialist knows how to deal with the problem and what to do to get rid of neoplasms forever. Do not self-medicate - this can lead to unpredictable consequences. Finding medical help in a timely manner will help solve a delicate problem, prevent the virus from spreading further and preventing new warts from forming.
Types of warts on the hands
There are more than a hundred types of warts caused by various modifications of HPV. What do warts look like on hands? Photos of various types of neoplasms are presented on our website.
The following types of neoplasms are localized on the skin and fingers:
Simple warts appear as dense, rounded, irregularly shaped nodules with a rough surface. They can be of different colors (from flesh to dark brown) and sizes and can be found on any part of the body (face, neck, head, legs, torso). In the area of the upper extremities, growths most often form on the back of the hand and on the fingers. A photo of warts on the hands gives a more complete picture of their structure and appearance.
Such neoplasms tend to fuse. Initially, a large "maternal" wart appears on the skin, around which smaller formations form over time. If you remove it, the remaining growths may go away on their own. Vulgar warts are painless and do not cause much discomfort (except for aesthetic reasons).
A wart on the finger next to the nail plate can appear if the skin is injured during a manicure. But more often such growths form in children and adolescents who bite their nails. Nail warts are quite large and cause discomfort when writing or doing physical work. They have deep roots that penetrate the layers of the dermis under the nail bed. As a result, the nail becomes thinner and gradually deteriorates. The warts themselves look extremely unaesthetic, they are easy to damage, which threatens with unwanted complications. In addition, the growths on the fingers are visible to others and are perceived as a cosmetic defect.
A dermatologist will tell you how to remove a wart on a finger. Most often, experts advise removing such formations. A person with warts on their hands poses a threat to those around them - they can get the virus from them if they come in contact.
Such formations are a type of flat warts. More common in young people and the elderly. They form in the area of constant mechanical stress and maximum pressure. Flat warts on the hands look like dense growths covered with a thick horny layer that slightly rise above the skin. They have a smooth surface, without irregularities and roughness and deep roots that reach into the dermis. The formation of growths can be accompanied by a slight itching. Palmar growths are solitary or grow and form a kind of "mosaic" in the affected area.
The reason for the formation is the penetration of the papillomavirus. The pathogen is transmitted when shaking hands or when it comes into contact with an infected surface. Treatment of warts on the palm of the hand that are overgrown in large groups presents certain difficulties. Such neoplasms are prone to relapse, and they can be painful and uncomfortable during physical work. Their spread is facilitated by increased sweating and neglect of personal hygiene standards.
Flat warts can be mistaken for corns, so correct diagnosis is important for effective treatment. Based on the results of the examination, the doctor will decide how to get rid of flat warts on the hands and what methods of therapy will help prevent the virus from spreading further.
Age warts or age-related keratomas occur in the elderly and the elderly (after 50 years). They look like keratinized pigmented plaques, the diameter of which can reach several centimeters. The shape of such formations is flat or convex, the structure is loose, since the tissues are saturated with secretions from the sebum glands. When scraped off, the top layer is easy to peel off, leaving a bleeding, inflamed surface underneath.
In contrast to other neoplasms, the appearance of senile keratomas has nothing to do with the papillomavirus. The growths arise from the uncontrolled growth of the surface layers of the epidermis. Hence, you cannot get infected with age warts. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays and age-related changes are believed to be the main causes of keratomas.
First of all, a stain forms on the surface of the skin that is practically indistinguishable from the color of the skin. Gradually it grows, takes on a brown tint and rises above the skin. The appearance of such papules resembles a thimble with grooves on the top. As it grows, the formation takes on a characteristic plaque shape and is covered with a stratum corneum. There are several brushes hidden under the loose scales, which are formed by a blockage of the hair follicles.
The main place of localization of senile growths is open parts of the body (face, neck, hands). Most often, multiple plaques will form on the back of the hand. They are characterized by long-term development, in individual cases such formations disappear on their own. In other situations, a keratome can turn into a skin horn - a painful cone-shaped outgrowth.
How to treat warts, the formation of which is not associated with papillomaviruses? Senile keratomas can be large in diameter or form large clusters of small warts. Convex formations are easily damaged, increasing the risk of malignancy. These warts can develop into basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, it is necessary to control all changes that occur with the neoplasm.
A dermatologist knows how to treat warts on the hands. If you find any suspicious formations that are rapidly increasing in size, discolouring, painful or bleeding, you should see a specialist as soon as possible. Doubtful growths must be removed with a subsequent histological examination of the material.
A skilled doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis based on the appearance of the wart. The visual examination is complemented by dermatoscopy - the study of a neoplasm with a special enlarger. At high magnification, the structure of the growth and characteristic features are clearly visible that make it possible to distinguish it from other formations (pigmented nevi, papillomas, seborrheic keratoma). A blood test for PCR will help confirm the viral nature of the neoplasms.
If a malignant degeneration is suspected, advice from an oncologist is required. The patient is referred for an ultrasound and siascopy procedure, which involves scanning the formation with a special spectrophotometric device. After the diagnosis is made, the doctor will select a treatment regimen or decide how to more radically get rid of a wart on a finger, hand, or other area of the upper extremity.
Warts on the hands: treatment
The formation of warts is closely associated with a decrease in immunity, so therapy should be comprehensive in order to get rid of the main problems. It is necessary not only to block the virus from multiplying, remove growths, but also restore the functions of the immune system to prevent repeated relapses. The essence of the treatment procedures is the use of antiviral drugs, harsh agents, or hardware techniques that remove warts.
Treatment of warts and papillomas with medication
In the treatment of warts of a viral nature, the following groups of drugs are used:
- antiviral drugs in the form of pills or injections;
- immunomodulatory drugs that restore the functions of the immune system;
- Multivitamin complexes.
Antivirals for external treatment must be included in the complex treatment. The components of such drugs quickly penetrate the skin and prevent the virus from multiplying. The dosage of drugs and the schedule of administration are determined by the doctor, taking into account possible contraindications, the type of virus, the prevalence of neoplasms and other nuances. Senile keratomas are treated with surgery, cryotherapy, or electrocoagulation.
Hand wart remedies, which contain harsh chemicals that corrode and mummify the wart tissue, are particularly popular. After consulting a home doctor, you can take the following drugs:
Solution with celandine
It's an alkaline solution designed to remove warts, calluses, or papillomas. The mechanism of action is to destroy the structure of the neoplasm along with the root, causing it to die. Instructions for use for warts is simple - you need to apply the solution previously steamed in hot water to the growth with a special applicator. It is recommended to lubricate the skin with petroleum jelly or baby cream to protect it from chemical burns. The fact that the drug is working is indicated by a burning sensation. The processing must take place selectively within 3-5 days. Darkening of the treated area indicates necrotization of the built up tissue. Within a week, the wart dies and falls off on its own.
Before taking any medication, you should carefully read the instructions in order to avoid undesirable complications.
There are several effective drugs for home cryotherapy. The essence of the method is to freeze the tissues of the wart with its subsequent necrotization. With their help, it is possible to get rid of medium-sized vulgar warts. To remove the neoplasm, you need to apply the drug punctually and let it dry completely. The treated area turns white with a slight burning sensation. Soon the skin in the treated area turns red and a blister forms on the wart site. It takes 10 to 14 days to completely remove the debris. During this time, the wart along with the root will die off and fall off, and the renewed skin will remain in its place.
Treatment of warts on the fingers and other parts of the upper limbs using radical methods is considered to be the most effective. Consider the popular methods:
This is a method of removing neoplasms using high-frequency electricity that burns out the tissue of the warts. The radiation also closes the blood vessels, reducing the risk of bleeding and infection. A wound remains at the site of the wart, which is soon covered with a crust. This method is best for removing small growths.
The disadvantages of electrocoagulation are the likelihood of scarring and the inability to send tissue growth for histological examination. This method works well for removing senile keratomas. To prevent the build-up from re-forming, the base of the wart is cauterized at the end of the procedure.
The essence of this method is to freeze neoplasmic tissues with liquid nitrogen. There is no 100% guarantee that later relapses will not occur. Therefore, after removing the frozen wart, curettage is required - the wound is cleaned from the remains of necrotic masses and an attempt is made to remove the deep root. The procedure is very effective, straightforward and inexpensive, it allows growths to be removed from any part of the body. The disadvantages of the method include, according to experts, the possibility of damage to healthy tissue in the event of accidental contact with liquid nitrogen.
This is one of the most modern, comfortable and safe procedures, which guarantees the absence of relapses and undesirable complications. During the session, the laser beam evaporates the pathological tissue layer by layer and penetrates to a precisely defined depth. Precise instrumentation ensures targeted action, which eliminates the likelihood of damage to healthy skin. This is a bloodless procedure - the laser treatment coagulates blood vessels and disinfects the surgical field at the same time.
The main advantages of the method are the absence of complications and relapses, as well as a short period of rehabilitation. If you are deciding how to remove a wart on a finger with maximum efficiency and freedom from pain, then this is your method. The use of a laser guarantees the absence of scars and prevents the infection from spreading further. In the place of the removed wart, a small crust will remain, which will fall off on its own after 7-10 days.
Radio wave surgery
This is the newest method in non-invasive surgery. It's completely painless and quick - it gets rid of debris in minutes. At the same time, it excludes the development of bleeding, the likelihood of infection and related complications. The energy of high-frequency radio waves instantly evaporates tissue and at the same time etches the capillaries. In this case there is no direct contact between the electrode and the skin surface. The impact occurs at a precisely defined depth, adjacent healthy tissue is not damaged. Using a radio meter can prevent relapses as the infection cannot spread by hematogenous route.
The classic surgical procedure to remove the wart is resorted to when it is necessary to remove a large group of pathological neoplasms. The growths are removed under local anesthesia, with cosmetic sutures attached to the wounds. If there are no complications, they are removed after 10 days. The removed tissue must be sent in for a histological examination. To prevent relapses during the recovery period, general antiviral and immune stimulating therapy is administered. The further prognosis and the risk of recurrence depend on the state of the immune system.
The earlier treatment of any type of warts is started, the greater the likelihood of a favorable outcome. Do not waste time and treat yourself. If neoplasms appear, you should immediately contact a dermatologist and decide on the choice of the optimal method of therapy.