Warts or papillomas can appear on any part of the body. There is a type of benign neoplasm that affects the mucous membranes and genital area. Warts on the penis, which cause not only aesthetic, but also pronounced physical discomfort, become a serious problem. Why do papillomas appear on the genitals and how to get rid of them
Causes of the appearance of warts on the penis
Warts on the penis or perineum, scrotum and around the anus are of viral origin.
Warts on the penis are the result of infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). All growths on the body are caused by the activity of this virus. It changes the structure of the infected areas and causes excessive division of epithelial cells, from which specific growth is formed.
The danger of the HPV virus is that it is highly contagious. According to statistics, about 70% of the population is infected with different strains of the virus. Some of these strains are potentially dangerous, especially for women, as they cause cell mutations and lead to the development of cervical cancer.
The HPV virus is transmitted from person to person through sexual and household contact. You can get infected with papillomas from personal care items, towels, common utensils, and even from touching the doorknobs. Sexual transmission occurs through physiological fluids (semen, vaginal secretions) in which the virus concentration reaches its maximum.
Therefore, warts on the penis pose a serious threat to a man's sexual partners.
Types of growths on the penis
Typically, the following types of warts appear on the penis:
- flat warts.
Papillomas, also known as vulgar warts, are small balls of skin that rise above the healthy epidermis thanks to a small stalk. They are soft, their structure is homogeneous, and pressure does not cause pain or discomfort. Such a wart can be highly pigmented, often hair grows from papillomas. Papillomas do not appear on the mucous membranes. They affect the skin of the penis, inguinal folds, pubic bone.
Condylomas are growths on the papillary structure. They pose a serious threat to both penile aesthetics and health in general. Warts affect the skin and mucous membranes, depending on which strain of virus a person is infected with.
Such warts form on the head of the penis. They are small papillae with indistinct contours. Condylomas are rarely pigmented and in the vast majority of cases do not differ in color from skin or mucous membranes. These types of growths can fuse into large neoplasms. Overgrown warts on the penis can take on bizarre shapes - "cauliflower", "cockscomb", "grape". The growths reach large sizes of a few centimeters in diameter. There are cases when condylomas completely covered the entire head, hiding the underlying mucous membrane. Condylomas on the penis are easy to distinguish from a common wart on a photo due to their specific contours and sizes.
Warts can lead to the development of the following problems:
- Deformation of the penis;
- Keratinization of the skin around the growth;
- damage to the urethra;
- Painful intercourse;
- Burning sensation when urinating.
In addition, genital warts are highly contagious. You can be injured during intercourse, causing burning, pain, and bleeding.
Flat warts cover the shaft of the penis. They are small plaque-like growths. Such warts on the penis are not very noticeable because they are not pigmented. Flat warts form in adolescence. They are considered safe because they do not degenerate into cancer and are conventionally not contagious.
Small pale nodules often appear on the skin of the penis. They are mistaken for warts. Such pimples are a physiological feature and are known as pearlescent papules.
The disease will be diagnosed by a urologist who will examine the genitals for warts and explain in detail how to treat warts on the penis.
Before removing warts on the penis, you should consult your doctor. The specialist you need to contact is a urologist or a dermatologist-venereologist. Diagnosis is made through visual examination. In addition, you may need to have a urethral swab and blood test for PCR. This determines the level of activity of the virus and its strain.
Warts on the skin of the penis are treated with:
- antiviral therapy;
- immunomodulatory therapy;
- mechanical removal of papillomas.
Removal is best done in a clinic, rather than home remedies, as the skin of the penis is very delicate and improper destruction of warts can lead to the formation of deep scars and scars.
Traditional medicine for treating warts on the penis recommends using the following recipes.
- Tear off a fresh celandine stalk, rinse it, and attach the cut to the wart for 1-2 seconds. Repeat the manipulation in three days. Two treatments are usually enough to avoid leaving any traces of the papilloma.
- Squeeze the juice out of a few cloves of garlic, moisten a cotton swab in it and press it against the wart for 5 seconds. Repeat daily until the wart is completely gone.
- Mix equal parts onion juice, vinegar and water, treat each wart with a solution daily.
To stimulate immunity, the use of Echinacea tincture is suggested. You can prepare it yourself or buy it ready-made at the pharmacy.
Knowing how to remove warts on the penis using popular methods, it is worth taking precautions. Such funds should not be applied to the head of the penis, as it can cause severe burns. To avoid scarring, traditional methods should not be used on the skin of the penis. They're better at removing warts on fairly rough skin, like the pubic bone.
How to remove a wart on the penis with medication?
The first thing to do when you notice warts on the penis is to strengthen your immune system. For this purpose, both general active preparations based on interferon and immunomodulators in the form of ointments are recommended.
Special ointments are applied to the body of papillomas and warts on the head of the penis 3-4 times a day.
If warts appear on the penis, antiviral treatment must be continued for two weeks, otherwise the person will not be immune to the recurrence of growths on the skin of the genitals.
Risks of genital warts on the penis (condylomas) can be treated with medication.
Now that you have figured out how to treat warts on the penis, you should know how to get rid of them once and for all. It is best to have the deposits professionally removed. This is done with:
- Cryogenic destruction;
- Laser therapy;
Cryodestruction is the freezing of a neoplasm with liquid nitrogen. The remedy is applied to the wart with a special applicator and held for a few seconds. Then the process of wart cell death begins and over time it disappears. Disadvantages of the method - the risk of scars and spots on the wart site, pain after the procedure.
Laser removal is a layer-by-layer burning of the wart tissue. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
Another effective method for removing growths or warts on the penis is with electrocautery. The method is safe and painless, but it is only used to get rid of small papillomas.
In this way, every man, having found out what a wart looks like on the penis, can spot the problem in time. It will be resolved quickly and painlessly if you do not delay it and consult a doctor in time for the virus to spread throughout the body.