According to the World Health Organization, one in five people worldwide is a carrier of the papillomavirus (HPV), which has more than 100 strains. Small formations on the skin or mucous membranes, or papillomas, are benign tumors.
There are several types of skin growths:
- flat warts;
- vulgar warty formations;
- Genital warts;
- acrochords (filamentous warts);
- papillomas of the bladder and urethra;
- Papillomatosis of ENT organs.
Papillomavirus infection occurs through contact with an infected person. First, abrasions, cuts, and scratches on the skin become infected. HPV is activated with a decrease in immunity.
Since there is a high risk of papilloma degeneration into malignant neoplasms, doctors recommend removing skin growths. The most common, painless and safest method is laser papilloma removal. This procedure is available in many medical centers and clinics in our country.
The peculiarity of the papillomavirus is that several neoplasms appear on the skin (mostly on the neck, face, hands, in the cleavage). Most HPV carriers have psychological problems in this regard, so the growths are removed for aesthetic reasons.
However, there are a number of reasons why doctors advise getting rid of skin growths. It is shown that papillomas are removed in the following cases:
- painful sensations and discomfort (itching, burning) in the area of the neoplasm;
- Changing the color and size of the structure;
It is advisable to remove papillomas if they are exposed to external influences, for example, ultraviolet rays, trauma, friction, if they form in problem areas, for example, in the armpit, chest, etc.
Despite the fact that the procedure is safe, there are a number of contraindications.
You cannot remove papillomas with a laser under the following conditions:
- Carry a baby. In rare cases, if there are indications for pregnant women, neoplasms are removed. This happens when she is diagnosed with genital warts. This will help protect the fetus from infection.
- Breastfeeding. During breastfeeding in women, hormone levels change, which can be the reason for long wound healing.
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or viral diseases that affect the immune system (HIV). In this case, there is a great risk of the infection spreading and slow healing of the wound surface.
- Epilepsy. The procedure can trigger an epileptic fit. If a seizure begins during a session, damage to the healthy epidermis is possible.
- Low platelet counts threaten bleeding that is difficult to stop.
- Cancerous tumors.
The laser should not be used for colds, herpes rashes around papillomas, for diabetes mellitus, and after recent exposure to ultraviolet rays (sunburn of the skin).
In either case, the doctor can make the final decision. You can not do the procedure without first consulting a dermatologist, gynecologist and other specialties, depending on the type of papilloma.
Laser removal is the safest, least traumatic, and painless technique for removing skin tumors. Its effectiveness is confirmed by the following facts:
- no bleeding and edema as the laser glues blood vessels together without damaging healthy areas of skin;
- fast wound healing, no scars: after 5-7 days there is no longer a trace on the skin (especially important if there are skin growths on the face, eyes, neck), no long-term rehabilitation required;
- Exclusion of wound infection, as the laser does not come into contact with the skin, sterility is guaranteed and has a bactericidal effect;
- short session duration: on average, the procedure lasts no more than 10 minutes, with several formations - a little longer;
- lack of anesthesia: the patient feels a slight, almost painless tingling sensation;
- once: one session is enough to remove the papillomavirus;
- Control of the penetration depth: varies according to the type of structure.
This procedure has no age limit and provides a quick and comfortable recovery.
The disadvantages of the technique include the impossibility of surveying the remote formation and the relatively high cost of manipulation. Doctors therefore recommend performing an analysis for tumor markers before laser removal of papillomas to ensure that the growth that is present is benign.
Proper preparation for laser papilloma resection guarantees the absence of complications, maximum efficiency and effectiveness.
The following medical recommendations must be strictly adhered to two weeks before the procedure:
- do not visit the solarium;
- Avoid ultraviolet rays: do not sunbathe when you go outside, smear sunscreen on the area where you plan to use laser exposure;
- do not perform peeling or other cosmetic procedures;
- limit contact with cleaning agents.
Before surgery to remove papillomas with a laser, a number of medical examinations must also be performed:
- general blood analysis;
- Research on HIV infection, hepatitis, PED (syphilis diagnosis);
- Biopsy of skin neoplasms to clarify their nature (benign / malignant).
If necessary, the doctor can refer you to an oncologist for advice and prescribe additional studies.
The laser removal operation is a minimally invasive operation and is therefore carried out on an outpatient basis (in a polyclinic).
To perform such manipulations, doctors use a carbon dioxide, holmium, or infrared laser with simple or pulsed (fractional) beam generation. Simple radiation is used to remove papillomas in closed areas of the body (groin, perineum, armpits, etc. ). On the face, neck, eyelids, arms, chest - fractionated without affecting the deep layers of the epidermis, which guarantees the maximum cosmetic effect (no scars).
- Before the procedure, the doctor applies a cream on the neoplasm that has a mild analgesic effect.
- Then the device directs the laser beam onto the epidermis.
- Fractionated carbon dioxide seals the blood vessels. It happens as follows: The cells that make up the papillomas are 75% water. Under the influence of a laser, water evaporates from the cells, harmful cells are destroyed, all layers of HPV are gradually removed. In addition, there is an automatic disinfection of the treated area, which prevents the formation of bleeding and complications, as well as skin regeneration.
- At the end of the session, the doctor puts on a sterile bandage or a bactericidal patch and lets the patient go home.
The duration of the session is short and depends on the complexity, size of the neoplasm and the area of the affected area. It takes 10 to 40 minutes. Complex cases require repeated repetition of the procedure. In this case, at least two weeks should pass between the manipulations.
One of the benefits of laser papilloma removal is rapid wound healing. The recovery period will not last longer than a week. The main condition for early rehabilitation is the elimination of friction and irritation in the area where fractionated carbon dioxide has affected the skin.
Expert advice helps avoid complications and accelerates the healing process:
- carry out the treatment with external means prescribed by the attending physician;
- do not wet the affected area of the skin for 2-3 days;
- avoid exposure to the sun and do not sunbathe for a month (it is better to do the procedure in the cold season, when the sun is inactive);
- do not overcool;
- refuse to visit the sauna, pool or bath for at least 2 weeks;
- Do not peel off the crust that forms at the sampling site, it will fall off on its own in a week.
Improper or lack of care leads to infection of the wound, which can leave scars and scars.
Laser removal of papillomas is a modern method of minimally invasive surgery that guarantees good results and quick recovery in 98% of cases. In order not to get into the 2% risk, you only need to trust qualified specialists who are licensed to carry out such procedures and positive customer reviews.
It is understood that clinics that specialize in laser removal of benign skin lesions offer expensive services. After all, this manipulation is quite complicated. The price for this depends on the size, number of papillomas, HPV lesion area and increases in the advanced stages of the papillomavirus.
Seeking medical help in a timely manner is a guarantee of good health and 100% elimination of the infection without serious consequences.