Warts on the body are caused by an infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The type of neoplasia, structure and area of localization are closely related to the modification of the virus. These characteristics must be taken into account when choosing a drug for warts. Properly selected regimen of therapy will help stop the spread of the virus and avoid the risk of repeated relapses.
Reasons for appearing
Warts and papillomas are caused by different strains of the virus, differ in shape, shade and size, form on different parts of the body, or infect mucous membranes. The pathogen enters the body through contact through minor damage to the epidermis (small wounds, scratches, abrasions). The virus reproduces in the lower basal layer of the epithelium. By stimulating infected cells to actively divide, the growth of the epidermis is triggered. As a result, characteristic growths appear on the skin, which are prone to spread and relapse.
The virus is only activated when the body's defenses are weakened. A strong immune system successfully destroys infected cells and suppresses the reproduction of HPV. As a result, the pathogen goes into "sleep" mode and only wakes up under certain conditions. For example, after previous illnesses, severe stress, severe hypothermia and other unfavorable factors.
Warts on the face or in open areas of the body do not look aesthetically pleasing, but cause psychological problems. If the growth is accidentally damaged, there is a risk of malignancy (malignant transformation). Therefore, experts advise eliminating virus formations with the help of special drugs or hardware methods. The dermatologist will recommend an effective remedy for warts, taking into account the type and structure of the neoplasm, the area of localization and other individual characteristics of the patient.
Remedies for papillomas and warts in the pharmacy
The doctor will prescribe pharmaceutical products after a diagnostic examination. If infection with the papillomavirus is confirmed, a treatment regimen is selected, which includes the following groups of drugs:
- Antiviral - They work to destroy the virus, block its reproduction, and spread.
- Immunomodulatory - strengthens the immune system, stimulates the body to fight the virus.
- Keratolytic preparations of this group soften and exfoliate the upper stratum corneum of neoplasms.
- Necrotizing (mummifying) agents based on aggressive acids or alkalis with a cauterizing effect.
- Cryopreparations - destroy the tissue of neoplasms by exposure to cold.
Treatment of warts and papillomas should be comprehensive. It is important not only to get rid of skin manifestations, but also to get rid of the root cause of the pathology. Only in this case it is possible to avoid the spread of the virus and the reappearance of new formations.
Remedies for warts in the pharmacy are offered in various dosage forms - gels and ointments, alcohol and aqueous solutions, plasters, tablets, aerosols with a freezing substance inside.
The best remedies for warts
How to make the right choice and get the most effective drug? This will allow for a consultation with a dermatologist and an overview of popular drugs used to treat neoplasms of a viral nature.
Antiviral and immune stimulating drugs
Treatment of warts and papillomas should begin with the elimination of the pathogen that provokes the proliferation of pathological cells. To do this, the patient is prescribed drugs, the action of which is aimed at fighting the virus and increasing the body's resistance.
The drugs can cause side effects of the nervous system, genitourinary system, and digestive system. Therefore, when taking the tablets, you must carefully follow the instructions.
The most famous and inexpensive means with keratolytic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects is an ointment that contains salicylic acid. The ointment therapy should be regular and lengthy. It is necessary to process the growths up to three times a day, followed by the application of a bandage, which will enhance the effect of the drug. This remedy has few contraindications, but sometimes during the application process there are side effects - a burning sensation, itching, the appearance of rashes. Before the next application, it is necessary to remove the softened top layer of growth and wipe it off the skin with an antiseptic solution.
A special plaster is not only suitable for calluses and corns, but also in the fight against painful plantar warts. The substance, which is applied to a paper base, consists of sulfur and salicylic acid, which have a disinfecting and exfoliating effect.
Such a patch is very convenient to use - it is enough to fix it on the growth. Then all you have to do is change it every 2 days, removing the wart's softened stratum corneum each time. Sulfur penetrating the tissues of the wart leads to the death of infected cells, and the growth gradually dries up. This remedy works quite slowly. It takes at least 2 weeks to remove a small wart.
Means for removing papillomas and warts with a necrotizing effect are considered to be the most effective. They contain a combination of acids or alkalis that cause tissue necrosis. As a result, the wart or papilloma dies and disappears in a short time. These are aggressive products which, if used improperly, can cause chemical burns. Before using such drugs, the skin around the neoplasm should be treated with petroleum jelly, zinc ointment, or a band-aid.
A topical solution that contains a combination of acids (lactic acid, nitric acid, acetic acid, and oxalic acid) is effective against warts. The drug is designed to get rid of various forms of warts and papillomas. This product is made in ampoules with a volume of 2 ml. Care should be taken when using - contact with healthy skin can cause burns.
Penetration of the solution into pathological tissues causes their dehydration and mummification. A slight burning sensation during processing, followed by a change in the color of the build-up to dark brown, indicates that the medicine is working. In just a few days, the wart will die and go away. In this case, the active ingredients of the solution act only locally, do not penetrate the systemic circulation and have no toxic effect on the body.
When using the solution, you must carefully follow the instructions without exceeding the indicated dosages, otherwise you may damage the deep tissues of the dermis. The drug should not be used to treat multiple neoplasms, inflamed warts, or genital warts. Avoid contact with the solution on skin and mucous membranes.
Before application, the structure must be steamed, the top layer removed and dried with an alcohol solution. Then use the applicator to gently treat the wart. If the neoplasm has not darkened, the process must be repeated. To accelerate the death of a pathological formation, it is recommended to additionally wipe it with alcohol for several days. The dry crust that forms at the site of the wart cannot be torn off, otherwise a scar may be left on this site. After a few days, the scab will fall off on its own.
An alkaline solution with celandine has a cauterizing and mummifying effect on the basis of sodium hydroxide and bicarbonate chloride. Active ingredients burn the tissue of the warts, causing necrosis and rejection of the tissue. The solution is applied to the previously subdued and purified growth and left until completely absorbed.
To remove a small neoplasm, a three-day treatment is enough. Soon the wart will darken, dry up and fall off. This remedy is best for removing plantar growths or warts on the hands.
A number of drugs have similar cauterizing and necrotic effects.
You can use antiseptics with a cauterizing effect based on silver nitrate. The advantages of such tools are availability, security and ease of use.
Silver nitrate has powerful bactericidal and antiseptic properties, inhibits the reproduction of the papillomavirus and destroys pathological formations due to the coagulation of cellular proteins. Before using the pen, you need to lightly dampen its tip with water, and then gently handle the debris. This eliminates the risk of accidental ingestion of chemicals on healthy tissues. The wart should be treated daily until it turns black and falls off.
The principle of action of drugs in this group is similar to the method of removing warts with liquid nitrogen (cryodestruction). Pathological tissues are exposed to low temperatures, which leads to their destruction. Cryogenic preparations for home use are made in the form of aerosol cans with a special applicator for applying the freezing composition.
Cryopreparation cannot be used to remove warts on the skin of the face, neck, mammary glands, or genitals. Freezing agents must be used according to the instructions. It is forbidden to extend the exposure time, as it is possible to damage the dermis at great depth and provoke the formation of scars.
Folk remedies for warts
In addition to pharmaceutical preparations, viral neoplasms can be removed using folk remedies. For this purpose, solutions of alkalis or acids are used, means based on medicinal plants are used.
Celandine juice exhibits powerful antiseptic and antiviral properties. It penetrates the wart tissues, cauterizes and destroys the infected cells, and suppresses the spread of the virus. When harvesting a plant, it should be noted that celandine is poisonous and contact of sap on unprotected skin can cause burns. To remove a wart or papilloma, you need to squeeze the sap from the cut of the plant, apply it to the growth and wait for it to dry completely. Repeat the treatment until the formation dries up.
For the treatment of warts, fresh celandine juice or products based on it are used - tincture, oil, ointment. You can make them yourself or buy them at the pharmacy. For more information about folk recipes and methods of treatment with celandine, see the article on our website on the subject.
The papillomavirus is destroyed in an acidic environment. Therefore, it is recommended to use vinegar (table, apple cider) to combat warts. You can just apply it to the growth daily or make compresses. To do this, moisten a gauze napkin with vinegar, apply it to the wart, secure it with a plaster and leave it on for 2-3 hours.
To combat skin growth at home, you can use essential oils (lemon, tea tree), extract or juice made from aloe, onion, and garlic. The papilloma virus does not like alkaline environments. For daily processing, a baking soda solution is recommended, which dries out the neoplasm and suppresses the further growth of pathological tissues.
The use of funds for the treatment of papillomas and warts must be approached with caution. Many of them are aggressive and, if used incorrectly, can cause undesirable complications. It is best to first consult a dermatologist, clarify the diagnosis, and only then proceed to medical interventions.